These are files containing the installer and other software
for the Debian GNU/Linux operating system.
The files in this directory are specifically for
The files here are complete ISO images, ready to use.
Once you have downloaded all the ISO images you want, you will typically need to write them to installation media.
The images described here are sized to be written to writeable CD media at a minimum, but may be written to larger media if needed. For extra convenience, these images may also be written directly to a USB stick. So long as your computer will boot directly from that USB stick, it should start the Debian installer that way.
In most cases it is not necessary to download and use all of these images to be able to install Debian on your computer. Debian comes with a massive set of software packages, hence why it takes so many disks for a complete set. Most typical users only need a small subset of those software packages.
Initially, you will only need to download and use
the first image of a set (labelled as
debian-something-1 to be able to start the
Debian installer and set up Debian on your computer. If there are
more images available here
debian-something-3, etc.), they contain the
extra packages that can be installed on a Debian system (as
mentioned previously). They will not be bootable
and are entirely optional. If you have a fast Internet
connection, you're most likely better off installing any desired
extra packages directly from the Debian mirrors on the Internet
instead of by using these extra images.
There are different versions of CD #1 here to allow for a
choice of default desktop on installation,
debian-something-kde-CD-1 contains the
core pieces of the KDE desktop and will default to installing
that desktop when used. The default desktop
debian-something-CD-1 is Gnome.
netinst CD here is a small CD image that
contains just the core Debian installer code and a small core set
of text-mode programs (known as "standard" in Debian). To install
a desktop or other common software, you'll also need either an
Internet connection or some other Debian CD/DVD images.
mac netinst CD here is a special version of
the netinst CD image that is targeted specifically at 32-bit
Intel Macintosh machines. It will likely work on most other
i386 machines too, but it does not contain UEFI boot files that
some people need.
update files here are extra convenience files
for people updating from previous versions of Debian. If you are
installing fresh, you may safely ignore
There are files here (SHA1SUMS, SHA256SUMS, etc.) which contain checksums of the images. These checksum files are also signed - see SHA1SUMS.sign, SHA256SUMS.sign, etc. Once you've downloaded an image, you can check:
For more information about how to do these steps, read the verification guide.
This is an official Debian image build and so only includes Free Software.
For convenience for some users, there is an alternative unofficial netinst CD build which includes non-free firmware for extra support for some awkward hardware. Look under /cdimage/unofficial/non-free/cd-including-firmware/ if you need that CD image instead.
See the Debian CD FAQ for lots more information about Debian CDs and installation.
The images here were put together by the Debian CD team , using debian-cd and other software.
Name Last modified SizeApache/2.4.23 (Unix) Server at cdimage.debian.org Port 80
Parent Directory - MD5SUMS 2016-09-18 14:14 5.2K MD5SUMS.sign 2016-09-18 18:23 819 SHA1SUMS 2016-09-18 14:14 5.8K SHA1SUMS.sign 2016-09-18 18:23 819 SHA256SUMS 2016-09-18 14:14 7.8K SHA256SUMS.sign 2016-09-18 18:23 819 SHA512SUMS 2016-09-18 14:14 13K SHA512SUMS.sign 2016-09-18 18:23 819 debian-8.6.0-i386-CD-1.iso 2016-09-17 16:19 647M debian-8.6.0-i386-CD-2.iso 2016-09-17 16:19 644M debian-8.6.0-i386-CD-3.iso 2016-09-17 16:19 593M debian-8.6.0-i386-CD-4.iso 2016-09-17 16:19 633M debian-8.6.0-i386-CD-5.iso 2016-09-17 16:19 646M debian-8.6.0-i386-CD-6.iso 2016-09-17 16:19 640M debian-8.6.0-i386-CD-7.iso 2016-09-17 16:19 622M debian-8.6.0-i386-CD-8.iso 2016-09-17 16:19 631M debian-8.6.0-i386-kde-CD-1.iso 2016-09-17 15:06 647M debian-8.6.0-i386-lxde-CD-1.iso 2016-09-17 15:05 613M debian-8.6.0-i386-netinst.iso 2016-09-17 15:04 316M debian-8.6.0-i386-xfce-CD-1.iso 2016-09-17 15:06 647M debian-mac-8.6.0-i386-netinst.iso 2016-09-17 15:05 317M